Ranau is 108 km east of Kota Kinabalu and noted for its tourism and highlands agriculture. As the height is 1176 m, it's the largest producer of highland vegetables in Sabah.
The population of the district was 94092 as in 2010 and the population almost entirely Dusun ethnic community.
According to record, Ranau was the home to the largest mining project in Malaysia, the Mamut Copper Mine before it ceased operations in 1999. At the peak of operation, Ranau was transformed into township and made donations to school building funds, buses, and bus shelters.